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Kirkland, Samuel, 1741-1808

 

Dates

  • Existence: 1741 - 1808

Samuel Kirkland was born in Norwich, Connecticut in 1741. After preparation at Eleazar Wheelock's school in Lebanon, Connecticut, he entered the College of New Jersey in 1762. He received his degree in 1765 in absentia, having left to serve as a missionary to the native peoples of New York. Kirkland was ordained in 1766 in Connecticut and returned to the Oneida peoples that year to serve for the next four decades as a missionary. In 1769, he married Jerusha Bingham, and niece of Eleazar Wheelock. The following year, after a disagreement with Wheelock, Kirkland placed himself under the auspices of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, receiving his salary from that organization and from Harvard College. Kirkland is credited with preventing several conflicts between the native peoples and British and American colonists. He also founded Hamilton Oneida Academy, later Hamilton College, in 1793. Kirland died in 1808.

Found in 35 Collections and/or Records:

Samuel Kirkland letter

Mss 792900.5
 Collection
Identifier: Mss 792900.5
Scope and Contents A fifteen page plan from Samuel Kirkland of Education for the Indians, more particulary of the five Nations.

(Samuel Kirkland) map

Mss 792900.1
 Collection
Identifier: Mss 792900.1
Scope and Contents Map from (Samuel Kirkland) of the school situation. (A rough map, lettered in Kirkland's hand, showing Oneida, New Stockbridge, Brothertown, Fort Stanwix, and the situation of the School kept by Calkin.)

Samuel Kirkland papers

MS-867
 Collection
Identifier: MS-867
Overview Samuel Kirkland (1741-1808), missionary. The collection consists of diaries kept while a missionary to the Oneida peoples and the Six Nations under the aegis of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge and Harvard College, correspondence with his son John Thornton Kirkland and others, writings, sermons and deeds.

Samuel Kirkland's journal

Mss 794140
 Collection
Identifier: Mss 794140
Scope and Contents Eight page journal of Samuel Kirkland from 16 July 1792 to Jan. 1794.

S.Kirkland letter

Mss 793165.1
 Collection
Identifier: Mss 793165.1
Scope and Contents Three page letter from S. Kirkland of Stockbridge to Peter Thacher telling him his trouble with his eyes which had prevented his writing out his journal as yet.