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Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852

 

Dates

  • Existence: 1782 - 1852

Biography

Daniel Webster was born on January 18, 1872 in Salisbury, New Hampshire. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1801, after which he began the study of law under Thomas W. Thompson and Christopher Gore. In 1805, he opens a law practice in Boscawen, New Hampshire where he stayed there until 1807. As a result of his opposition to the War of 1812, Webster is elected to the New Hampshire House of Representative in 1813 where he served until 1817. In 1816, he moves to Boston and is elected to the Massachusetts House of Representative (1823-1827) and the Senate (1827-1841 and 1845-1850). As a senator, he was a spokesman for American nationalism with powerful oratory that made him a key Whig leader. He spoke for conservatives and led the opposition to Democrat Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party, firmly challenging Jackson's policies in the Bank War. From 1841 to 1843 and 1850 to 1852, Webster served as the United States Secretary of State. As a diplomat, he is best known for negotiating the Webster–Ashburton Treaty of 1842 with Great Britain which established the Canada–United States border east of the Rocky Mountains. As a lawyer, Webster was highly regarded in the courtroom, shaping several key US Supreme Court cases that established important constitutional precedents and bolstered the authority of the federal government. One of the cases he argued was the Dartmouth College case in 1819. The case arose when the president of Dartmouth College was deposed by its trustees, leading to the New Hampshire legislature attempting to force the college to become a public institution and thereby place the ability to appoint trustees in the hands of the governor of New Hampshire. The Supreme Court upheld the sanctity of the original charter of the college, which pre-dated the creation of the State. The landmark case is considered one of the most important in United States history as it affirmed that the Constitution's contract clause protected private corporations from government interference. Webster died October 24, 1852.

Found in 2045 Collections and/or Records:

Alphonso Taft letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 850473
Webster Mss 850473
Date(s): 1850-08-23
Abstract

In English.

Ambrose Spencer letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 832151
Webster Mss 832151
Date(s): 1832-02-01
Abstract

In English.

Amos Avery Brewster letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 806263
Webster Mss 806263
Date(s): 1806-04-13
Abstract

In English.

Amos Binney letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 834219
Mss 834219
Date(s): 1834-03-19
Abstract

In English.

Amos Lane letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 842565.1
Webster Mss 842565.1
Date(s): 1842-10-15
Abstract

In English.

Amos Lawrence letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 830573
Webster Mss 830573
Date(s): 1830-10-23
Abstract

In English.

Archeological Association, Athens, certificate

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 838370
Webster Mss 838370
Date(s): 1838-06-20
Abstract

In English.

Artemas Hale resolution

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 841562.1
Webster Mss 841562.1
Date(s): 1841-10-12
Abstract

In English.

Augustus Alden letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 804454
Webster Mss 804454
Date(s): 1804-08-04
Abstract

In English.

B. Hallyn and Co. letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 807425
Webster Mss 807425
Date(s): 1807-07-25
Abstract

In English.

Baltimore [Maryland], to [Charles] Porter Wright [Marshfield, Massachusetts], Letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 000274.1
Webster Mss 000274.1
Date(s): undated
Abstract

Writes to his farm manager, Charles Porter Wright, asking him to have Mr. Hatch get the boats ready.

Bank of the United States Note

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 824371
Webster Mss 824371
Date(s): 1824-06-21
Abstract

In English.

Barnabas Bates letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 824105
Webster Mss 824105
Date(s): 1824-01-05
Abstract

In English.

Barrington Anthony letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 841176
Webster Mss 841176
Date(s): 1841-02-26
Abstract

In English.

Baruch Chase letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 806412.1
Webster Mss 806412.1
Date(s): 1806-07-12
Abstract

In English.

Bellamy Storrer letters

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 832219
Webster Mss 832219
Date(s): 1832-03-19
Abstract

In English.

Benjamin Douglas Silliman letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 850205
Webster Mss 850205
Date(s): 1850-03-05
Abstract

In English.

Benjamin Estill letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 830254
Webster Mss 830254
Date(s): 1830-04-04
Abstract

In English.

Benjamin Gilbert letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 820476
Webster Mss 820476
Date(s): 1820-08-26
Abstract

In English.

Benjamin Joseph Gilbert letter

 Collection
Identifier: Mss 847555
Webster Mss 847555
Date(s): 1847-10-05
Abstract

In English.

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